The Majestic Arowana: A Fish of Myth and Legend

The Arowana, also known as Osteoglossum bicirrhosum, is a fish that has captivated people's attention for centuries. Its unique appearance, elusive nature, and rich history have contributed to the Arowana's status as one of the most sought-after fish in the world.

Found in the freshwater rivers and lakes of South America, particularly in Brazil, the Arowana is a surface feeder and a predatory fish. Its long and sleek body, measuring up to 3 feet (90 cm) in length, is covered in beautiful silver, green, or red scales Arowana. Due to its stunning appearance and reputation as a symbol of wealth and prosperity, the Arowana has gained the nickname "Dragon Fish."

One of the most intriguing features of the Arowana is its ability to jump out of the water to catch its prey. This unique hunting method has led to its reputation as a fierce and powerful predator. Many myths and legends have been attributed to the Arowana, with some cultures even considering it a sacred creature.

In this article, we will dive deeper into the world of the Arowana and uncover the secrets behind its mysterious allure.

A Fish of Legendary Status

The Arowana has been a subject of fascination and mystery for many civilizations throughout history. In ancient China, the Arowana was considered a symbol of luck and prosperity. It was believed that the fish could bring wealth and good fortune to its owner, leading to its high demand and value.

In fact, the Arowana was so highly regarded in China that it was once illegal to export the fish Arctic Char. Smugglers and traders often risked severe penalties, including death, to transport the coveted Dragon Fish to other countries.

The Arowana's mythical status is not exclusive to China. In Southeast Asia, the Arowana is known as the "Golden Dragon Fish," and it is often associated with good luck, wealth, and power. Many believe that owning an Arowana can bring prosperity and protection to their homes and businesses.

A Habitat Fit for Royalty

The Arowana's native habitat is the freshwater rivers and lakes of South America, particularly in Brazil. However, these fish can now be found in many other regions of the world due to their popularity as a pet.

In the wild, the Arowana prefers calm and slow-moving waters, usually near the surface. They are known to jump high out of the water to catch their prey, which includes insects, small fish, and crustaceans.

When kept as pets, Arowanas require large tanks with plenty of space to swim and jump. In Asia, it is common for wealthy individuals to build specially designed ponds for their Arowanas, complete with fountains and waterfalls.

A Predator at Heart

The Arowana's reputation as a fierce predator is well-deserved. Their long and sleek bodies, combined with their powerful tails, make them excellent swimmers and jumpers. Their hunting technique involves waiting patiently near the surface of the water and using their sharp teeth to catch their prey.

In captivity, Arowanas require a diet rich in protein, including live or frozen foods such as shrimp, crickets, and fish. They are known to be picky eaters and may refuse to eat if their food is not to their liking.

Due to their predatory nature, it is essential to keep Arowanas in tanks with compatible fish. They are known to be aggressive towards smaller fish, which may end up as their meal.

The Fascinating Reproduction Process

Arowanas are egg-layers and reproduce via external fertilization. Males and females will engage in a courtship dance, where the male will chase the female and try to encourage her to release her eggs. The male will then fertilize the eggs by releasing his sperm near them.

What's fascinating about Arowana reproduction is their unique method of building a floating bubble nest. The male will use his mouth to create a nest at the surface of the water, using a mixture of saliva and plant fibers. The eggs will hatch within two weeks, and the fry will remain near the nest until they develop into free-swimming fish.

Age and Size: The Longevity of a Legend

Arowanas can live up to 10 years in captivity, with some reports of them living even longer. In the wild, their lifespan may be shorter due to factors such as predators and environmental changes.

As mentioned earlier, Arowanas can grow up to 3 feet (90 cm) in length. However, their growth rate is relatively slow, with some individuals only reaching their full size after five years. This adds to their value and makes them a prized possession for collectors.

Non-Migratory by Nature

Arowanas are non-migratory fish, meaning they do not travel long distances to spawn or for feeding. They are highly territorial, and in the wild, they will defend their territory against other Arowanas and small fish.

In captivity, Arowanas are known to jump out of their tanks if they feel trapped or threatened. This behavior can be dangerous for the fish and may result in injuries or death. Therefore, it is vital to provide Arowanas with adequate space and a secure tank to prevent this from happening.

The Arowana: A Fish of Beauty and Mystery

The Arowana is not just a fish; it is a creature of legend and myth. Its unique appearance, elusive behavior, and significant cultural significance have made it one of the most coveted and valued fish in the world.

From its majestic jumping abilities to its fascinating reproduction process, every aspect of the Arowana has captivated the minds and hearts of people for centuries. As their habitats continue to face threats of pollution and overfishing, it is crucial to protect and preserve the existence of these magnificent creatures.

So the next time you come across an Arowana, remember its rich history and admire it for the remarkable creature that it is.



Fish Details Arowana - Scientific Name: Osteoglossum bicirrhosum

  • Category: Fish A
  • Scientific Name: Osteoglossum bicirrhosum
  • Common Name: Arowana
  • Habitat: Freshwater rivers and lakes
  • Feeding Habitat: Surface feeder
  • Feeding Method: Predator
  • Geographic Distribution: South America
  • Country Of Origin: Brazil
  • Color: Silver, green, or red
  • Body Shape: Long and sleek
  • Length: Up to 3 feet (90 cm)
  • Adult Size: Up to 3 feet (90 cm)
  • Age: Up to 10 years
  • Reproduction: Egglayer
  • Reproduction Behavior: Builds floating bubble nest
  • Migration Pattern: Non-migratory



  • Social Group: Solitary
  • Behavior: Aggressive towards other fish
  • Diet: Small fish, insects, and crustaceans
  • Predators: Large predatory fish
  • Prey: Small fish, insects, and crustaceans
  • Environmental Threats: Habitat destruction and pollution
  • Conservation Status: Not evaluated
  • Special Features: Large mouth, long tail fin
  • Interesting Facts: Considered a symbol of good luck and prosperity in some cultures
  • Reproduction Period: During the rainy season
  • Nesting Habit: Builds floating bubble nest
  • Lifespan: Up to 10 years
  • Habitat Threats: Habitat destruction and pollution
  • Population Trends: Unknown
  • Habitats Affected: Freshwater rivers and lakes

The Majestic Arowana: A Fish of Myth and Legend

Osteoglossum bicirrhosum

Arowana: The Fierce yet Fascinating Lone Fish

When you think of an aggressive and solitary fish, the first image that may come to mind is a shark. However, there is another fish in the animal kingdom that exhibits these traits - the Arowana. This tropical freshwater fish, known for its unique features and behaviors, has captured the attention of aquarium hobbyists and researchers alike. In this article, we'll explore the fascinating world of Arowanas and discover what makes them stand out from other fish species

Social Group and Behavior

Arowanas are solitary fish, preferring to swim and live alone rather than in schools or groups. This is a common characteristic among predator fish that rely on stealth and ambush tactics to catch their prey. Their reclusive nature is also reflected in their behavior, as they tend to be aggressive towards other fish, especially those of the same species. In fact, it is recommended to house Arowanas in a single-species tank to avoid any conflicts or injuries.

Diet and Prey

Being top predators, Arowanas have a diverse diet that includes small fish, insects, and crustaceans. In the wild, they are known to jump out of the water to catch their prey, exhibiting impressive hunting skills. In captivity, they can be fed a variety of live or frozen food, including worms, shrimp, and small fish. However, it is important to ensure a balanced diet for their overall health and well-being.


Despite being fierce hunters, Arowanas are not invulnerable in their natural habitats Antenna Codlet. They have a few natural predators, including large fish such as crocodiles, alligators, and other large predatory fish. In the wild, they use their agility and speed to avoid getting caught by these predators. In captivity, they are less vulnerable to predators, making them a popular choice for aquarium enthusiasts.

Special Features

One of the most distinctive features of Arowanas is their large mouth, which allows them to swallow their prey whole. They also have a long tail fin, which they use for balance and propulsion while swimming. This tail fin is also used as a means of communication and can be seen flaring during territorial displays or courtship rituals.

Interesting Facts

In some cultures, Arowanas are considered a symbol of good luck and prosperity. It is believed that the fish's scales resemble coins, making them a popular choice for display in businesses and homes. Some cultures also believe that Arowanas bring good fortune to their owners, further adding to their fascination and demand in the pet trade industry.

Reproduction and Nesting Habit

Arowanas have a unique reproductive period during the rainy season. During this time, the male and female fish will engage in a courtship ritual, where the male will chase the female around the tank and make bubbling sounds. Once the female is ready to lay eggs, the male will scoop them up into his mouth and fertilize them, after which he will build a floating bubble nest using his saliva. This unique nesting habit is essential for the survival of the eggs, as it keeps them safe from predators.

Lifespan and Conservation Status

Arowanas have an average lifespan of 7-10 years in captivity, but in the wild, they can live up to 20 years. Despite their popularity in the pet trade industry, their conservation status is currently listed as "Not evaluated" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). However, their populations in the wild are declining due to habitat destruction and pollution, which poses a significant threat to their survival.

Habitats Affected and Population Trends

Arowanas are found in freshwater rivers and lakes in South America, Africa, and Asia. However, their habitats are rapidly declining due to deforestation, dam construction, and pollution. These threats not only affect the Arowanas' survival, but they also disrupt the delicate balance of the ecosystems they inhabit. Unfortunately, due to a lack of data, the exact population trends of Arowanas in the wild are unknown.

In Conclusion

In conclusion, Arowanas may not be your typical friendly and social pet fish, but they are undoubtedly fascinating creatures worth learning about. Their solitary and aggressive nature, coupled with their unique features and behaviors, make them stand out from other fish species. However, the decline of their natural habitats and their uncertain conservation status urges us to take action and ensure their survival for future generations to appreciate and admire. So let's appreciate these fierce yet fascinating lone fish and take steps to protect their homes.

Osteoglossum bicirrhosum

The Majestic Arowana: A Fish of Myth and Legend

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